These statements reset the current transaction. COMMIT WORK leaves all the changes made by the current transaction in effect whereas ROLLBACK work reverses them.

In both cases, the transaction will be in a fresh state, having no locks and no changes that could be rolled back. The rollback operation always succeeds, as any change is always reversible until committed. COMMIT WORK may fail if the transaction had been marked to be canceled before the COMMIT WORK operation started. A failed commit has the effect of a rollback but it will signal a SQL STATE descriptive of the error, e.g. 40001 (deadlock).

These operations are typically not needed, since the SQLTransact ODBC call and the ODBC autocommit mode are used instead for transaction control. The only use for these statements is within stored procedures, where it may be practical to break a long sequence of operations into several transactions to reduce lock contention.

These can also be used together with the WHENEVER declaration to automate retry upon deadlock inside stored procedures.

Triggers should not normally use these statements. The exception is the case where a trigger detects a state violating application consistency rules and decides to abort the transaction. This can be done by ROLLBACK WORK, typically followed by a call to the signal function for notifying the application.

Example 9.37. Examples:

create procedure retry (in x integer)
  whenever sql state '40001' goto deal;
  -- action
   rollback work;
   goto again;

create trigger sal_negative on "Employee" after update ("Salary")
  if ("Salary" < 0) {
    rollback work;
    signal ('A0001', 'Salary cannot be negative');

[Tip] See Also:

txn_error , txn_killall , signal