DB.DBA.DBEV_PREPARE(inout tree any )

DB.DBA.DBEV_PREPARE (inout tree any)

If defined, this function is called after parsing any dynamic SQL statements by any users. The parse tree will be a syntactically correct SQL parse tree. The user and connection variables are defined. The hook should not produce a result set and any return values are discarded. The function runs in the transaction which is current on the connection and the transaction is not automatically committed, so that the hook does not modify application transaction boundaries.

The tree may be modified by replacing it with any other correct parse tree or destructively splicing it. The tree is a regular SQL heterogeneous array. If the tree is modified incorrectly, it is probable that the server will crash.

The parse tree manipulation is best written in C as a Virtuoso Server Extension using the supplied SQL parse tree typedef and constants.

If an error occurs inside this hook the error is simply ignored and the unmodified parse tree is used. To signal an error to a user it is possible to change the parse tree into a call to the signal SQL function.

Example 12.7. SQL Prepare Hook

CREATE TABLE REPORT (
  R_AUTHOR VARCHAR,
  R_ID INTEGER IDENTITY,
  R_CLASS INTEGER,
  R_TEXT LONG VARCHAR,
  PRIMARY KEY (R_ID)
);

CREATE TABLE NEED_TO_KNOW (
  NK_CLASS INTEGER,
  NK_USER INTEGER,
  PRIMARY KEY (NK_CLASS, NK_USER)
);

grant select on REPORT to public;

create procedure DB.DBA.DBEV_PREPARE (inout tree any)
{
  declare uid integer;
  uid := (select U_ID from SYS_USERS where U_NAME = user);
  need_to_know (uid, tree);
  dbg_obj_print ('compiled by ', user, ': ', tree);
}

This example has a table of variously secret reports, each having a class or compartment and different users having a need to know about a certain collection of compartments. The need_to_know table references U_ID in SYS_USERS and R_CLASS in REPORT. Each select referencing REPORT is modified by the need_to_know VSE in order to add a check for the need to know.

For example,

select * from REPORT

becomes

select * from REPORT
  where exists (select 1 from NEED_TO_KNOW
    where NK_CLASS = R_CLASS and NK_USER = <user>)

where <user> is the id of the user preparing the query.

As a result, all queries referencing the REPORT table, no matter how they are phrased, will not access rows for which the user does not have a need to know. Note that the REPORT table can be granted to public, unauthorized users will just get an empty result. Further, note that the NEED_TO_KNOW table is not granted to anyone, hence the user does not even need to know the extent of his need to know let alone that of any other user. The expansion of the need to know test inserts the table reference as in a view expansion, where it's privileges are not those of the user but of the view owner, or in this case the procedure owner, which is always dba.