Virtuoso can provide FTP access to its WebDAV repository. This FTP server functionality relies on the same credentials and permissions that WebDAV uses. The server is enabled by listing the FTPServerPort parameter in the HTTPServer section of the Virtuoso INI file. This parameter must be accompanied by a port number to listen at.

[HTTPServer]
FTPServerPort = 21

Will instruct Virtuoso to listen for FTP requests on the default FTP port of 21.

[HTTPServer]
...
FTPServerTimeout = 600
...

To control timeout of connections use "FTPServerTimeout" ini parameter. The default time out is 600 sec. This is only for command connection.

The Virtuoso FTP server can be instructed to create a session log file using the parameter:

[HTTPServer]
...
FTPServerLogFile = ftpserver
...

If specified Virtuoso will produce an FTP server log file with the date appended to the name given in the parameter and the files extension as ".log". The log file is rotated daily. It will contain the following information:

ftpserverDDMMYYYY.log :-

Client Host Name
Authorized User
Time
User Command
Server Response Code
Bytes Transferred

An example of which is:

hostname anonymous [22/Oct/2003:15:21:43 +0300] "PASS user@domain.com" 230 0
hostname anonymous [22/Oct/2003:15:23:11 +0300] "LIST" 226 162
hostname dav [22/Oct/2003:15:25:00 +0300] "PASS <hidden>" 230 0

Virtuoso can allow special "anonymous" user access to the FTP Server by supplying the following Virtuoso INI file parameter:

[HTTPServer]
...
FTPServerAnonymousLogin = 0
...

The anonymous user is not a real user, it has no SQL or DAV login ability. The anonymous user can only access collections or resources that are set to public. The password of the anonymous user is trivially checked to contain the "@" symbol and is shown in plain-text for the "PASS" command detailed in the log file. Valid DAV users passwords are never revealed in the FTP log file. By default anonymous login is denied.

[HTTPServer]
...
FTPServerAnonymousHome = /DAV/dir_name/
...

You can control the anonymous user home dir by "FTPServerAnonymousHome" parameter in the ini fail. By default home dir for anonymous user is DAV root dir.

The Virtuoso server supports the usual variety of commands such as:

USER    PASS    CWD     CDUP    HELP
QUIT    PORT    PASV    TYPE    NOOP
STOR    RNFR    RNTO    MODE    RETR
DELE    RMD     MKD     PWD     SYST
SIZE    LIST    NLST    ABOR

By default the server uses free ports within the range 20000 - 30000 for passive mode connections. This is configurable using the parameters: FTPServerMinFreePort and FTPServerMaxFreePort in the HTTPServer section of the Virtuoso INI file.

The FTP server root directory is the home directory of the authenticated DAV user.

[Tip] See Also:

RFC-959

RFC-2389