The Virtuoso Server Extension API introduces the following data types:


This is a run-time-typed block of memory which represents any SQL data type, e.g. number, string, array etc. Boxes have a type and length that are retrievable at run time and can be allocated, freed and otherwise manipulated by functions appropriate to each type of box. Boxes may form trees through use of heterogeneous arrays but should not form graphs.


This is a compiled query, corresponding to a SQL statement or procedure compilation. The query_t is made from a SQL string and can thereafter be executed multiple times. This is a read-only object, not affected by execution on any number of threads, analogously to machine code not being affected by being executed.


This is a structure representing a query execution state. These are created when executing a query_t . This is analogous to a stack frame of a C function. It holds all relevant query state, such as cursor positions, intermediate results, column values etc. This is passed to all VSEs so they can have access to environment information such as current transaction, current client etc. The query instance references the query_t . As a rule, the query instance is specific to a thread. A query instance can be relatively long lived in the case of a cursor, which may live across multiple client-server message exchanges.


This is a part of query_t that specifies or describes a query time variable, column, parameter, intermediate result etc. This is analogous to an offset in a stack frame, it actually indexes a position inside a query instance. Given the state slot and the instance, it is possible to read or to set a value in the query state. Arguments of VSEs are passed as an array of state. Slots combined with the running query instance give the arguments values, and can be used to set output parameters.


When executing a select statement, the local cursor structure is returned for accessing the result set rows. This is always a forward-only cursor. This can be advanced, column values may be accessed and the cursor may be closed.