8.4.5. Manually creating EDM Associations (FKs) for the Ingres Tutorial database
The following steps will detail what is required to manually create "Associations" in your Entity Data Model.
Before commencing the process, you will need to determine where these associations exist and their multiplicity (e.g., one-to-one, one-to-many, etc.).
Note: These steps will need to be repeated for each association.
The first Association I will deal with is the relationship between cust_orders and cust_info, identified by the presence of the Scalar Property cust_no in both entities. This is a one-to-one mpmprelationship, as an entry in a customer order may only be associated with one customer's information.
Figure 8.174. Association
To add the Association, right click on the Customer entity then Add -> Association.
Figure 8.175. add the Association
You will now see the Add Association dialog.
Figure 8.176. Add Association dialog
Once you then hit OK the diagram is refreshed to include the newly created association.
You now need to edit the mappings associated with the newly created association, so right-click the association on the diagram and select
to display the
Figure 8.177. Navigation Property name
Click that line reading <Add a Table or View> to reveal a drop down list of all entities.
Figure 8.178. Add a Table or View
Here you need to select the entity on the right/far side of the association (the entity where the foreign key exists). In this example, it is the cust_orders entity.
Figure 8.179. Entity
The Mapping Details pane now refreshes to display both ends of the association, requiring that you provide relevant target store data types in the Column column for the key fields, as depicted here.
Figure 8.180. Mapping Details
Once the mapping is complete, you can build the project using Build -> Build Solution. NOTE: It is worthwhile building as each association is made, since the error messages can be a little confusing.
Figure 8.181. Build the project
This should result in the following error:
Figure 8.182. Error
This error indicates that there are two sources - in this case, the cust_orders entity's Scalar Property cust_no and the Navigation Property cust_info in - which are being mapped to the same target column - the Ingres column cust_orders.cust_no - which is not supported.
Figure 8.183. Error
The solution is simple! Simply delete the mapping for Scalar Property cust_orders.cust_no since its only purpose is to hold data representing a relationship/association (it is a Foreign Key), which has already been represented by the newly-created association and resulting Navigation Property cust_no.
Right-click on cust_orders.cust_no then Delete.
Figure 8.184. delete the mapping
The model diagram will refresh to reflect this change.
Figure 8.185. Model Diagram
Build the project, again, using Build -> Build Solution.
Figure 8.186. Build project
The project should now be fine.
Figure 8.187. Build Project
You will need to repeat these steps for each association until you have a completed Entity Data Model.
Figure 8.188. Entity Data Model