A SQLX or FOR XML query has no effect on the database schema. It is a transient event and does not generate procedures or other schema elements.

These define an ad hoc mapping of a result set to XML. There is no possibility of using XPATH to specify a search without first constructing the whole tree. An XML view on the other hand provides a mapping context in which one can make XQUERY or XPATH queries that are mapped into SQL and the XML is only generated after applying the conditions.

XML views will usually be more efficient in complex cases and the notation there may be simpler than the EXPLICIT notation in FOR XML. For simple cases SQLX or FOR XML is the more convenient of the two. SQLX or FOR XML does not restrict the SQL being used and will allow free use of subqueries, expressions, derived tables, qualified joins etc.